Midwifery is based on a respect for pregnancy as
a state of health and childbirth as a normal physiologic process and a profound
event for the whole family.
Care is continuous, personalized and non-authoritarian. It responds to a woman's social, emotional and cultural as well as physical needs.
The maintenance and promotion of health
throughout the childbearing cycle are central to midwifery care. Midwives focus
on preventive care and the appropriate use of technology.
"Fundamental to midwifery care is the
understanding that a woman's caregivers respect and support her so that she may
give birth safely, with power and dignity.
Midwifery care respects the diversity of women’s
needs and the variety of personal and cultural meanings which women, families
and communities bring to the pregnancy, birth, and early parenting experience."
Philosophy of Midwifery Care in Ontario, College
of Midwives of Ontario, 1994
“The practice of midwifery is the assessment and
monitoring of women during pregnancy, labour and the post-partum period and of
their newborn babies, the provision of care during normal pregnancy, labour and
post-partum period and the conducting of spontaneous vaginal deliveries.”
Ontario Midwifery Act, 1991